Numerous birds, insects, reptiles, ambhibians, and plants rely on forest interior habitat in order to survive, and the negligible amount of forest interior habitat left in the south of our province accounts for many endangered, threatened, and rare species listings. Copeland Forest is supporting a number of these species:
The four-season biological inventory conducted by Winter Spider Eco-Consulting in 2009 observed numerous flora and fauna of conservation concern including the Olive-Sided Flycatcher, Yellow Rail, Bay-Breasted Warbler, Red-Bellied Woodpecker, Milksnake, Snapping Turtle, Monarch Butterfly, and Butternut.
Many species considered rare in Simcoe County were also observed including Blue Marsh Violet, Schweintz’s Sedge, Heath Aster, Ground Cherry, and Swamp Valerian.
Another study by the University of Guelph in 2012 found the presence of Calicioid lichens, which can only exist in old-growth forests, prompting the author to classify Copeland Forest as a “Young Old Growth Forest”.